Soaked in Islamic tradition and with many personal contacts with prominent Muslim leaders of Egypt, Turkey, Syria, Palestine, Iraq and Iran, he was profoundly affected by political and cultural developments in these countries. The Ministry of Minority Affairs of the central Government of India set up the Maulana Azad Education Foundation in on the occasion of his birth centenary to promote education amongst educationally backward sections of the Society. Fearing degeneration into violence, Gandhi asked Indians to suspend the revolt and undertook a five-day fast to repent and encourage others to stop the rebellion. You are afraid of tremors, time was when you yourself were an earthquake. Faced with the serious possibility of a civil war, Azad abstained from voting on the resolution, remaining silent and not speaking throughout the AICC session, which ultimately approved the plan. He was particularly active in the short-lived Khilafat movement —24 , which defended the Ottoman sultan as the caliph the head of the worldwide Muslim community and even briefly enlisted the support of Mohandas K. Transfer of Power in India.
An avid and determined student, the precocious Azad was running a library, a reading room, and a debating society before he was twelve; wanted to write on the life of Ghazali at twelve; was contributing learned articles to Makhzan a literary magazine at fourteen;  was teaching a class of students, most of whom were twice his age, when he was fifteen; and completed the traditional course of study at the age of sixteen, nine years ahead of his contemporaries, and brought out a magazine at the same age. National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh Second ed. Those who remember the days of the Muslim League agitation are aware how Maulana Sahib stood four squares against communalism. As Chairman of the Central Advisory Board of Education, he gave thrust to adult literacy, universal primary education, free and compulsory for all children up to the age of 14, girl s education, and diversification of secondary education and vocational training. Along with fellow Khilafat leaders Dr.
Inat an age of 35, he became the youngest person to serve as the President of the Indian National Congress. During that time most of his revolutionaries were anti-Muslim because they felt that the British government was using the Muslim community against India’s freedom struggle. Maulana Abul Kalam Azad then started another weekly called Al-Balagh with the same mission of propagating Indian nationalism and revolutionary ideas based on Hindu-Muslim unity.
Speaking vehemently against Jinnah’s Two-Nation Theory —the notion that Hindus and Muslims were distinct nations—Azad lambasted religious separatism and exhorted all Muslims to preserve a united India, as all Hindus and Muslims were Indians who shared deep bonds of brotherhood and nationhood. An avid and determined student, the precocious Azad was running a library, a reading room, and a debating society before he was twelve; wanted to write on the life of Ghazali at twelve; was contributing learned articles to Makhzan a literary magazine at fourteen;  was teaching a class of students, most of whom were twice his age, when he was fifteen; and completed the traditional course of study at the age of sixteen, nine years ahead of his contemporaries, and brought out a magazine at the same age.
Azad was president of the Congress Party in and again in —46—though the party was largely inactive during much of his second term, since nearly all of its leadership was in prison. He oversaw the setting up of the Central Institute of Education, Delhi, which later became the Department of Education of the University of Delhi as “a research centre for solving new educational problems of the country”.
When elections were called under the Government of India ActAzad was appointed to organise the Congress election campaign, raising funds, selecting candidates and organising volunteers and rallies across India. Constitutional, Statutory etc May 28, Aadhar Bill: His intense patriotism, his capacity for sacrifice, his dedication in the service of the country is shining examples for the people of India to follow.
Azad served as president of the Unity Conference in Delhi, using his position to work to re-unite the Swarajists and the Khilafat leaders under the common banner of the Congress. Retrieved 28 November Despite their previous differences, Azad worked closely with Patel and Dr. He was known in Islamic countries probably more than any other Indian Muslim. His work for education and social uplift in India made him an important influence in guiding India’s economic and social development.
The clouds have only poured dirty water and you have raised your trousers for fear of being drenched. Al-Hilal was soon banned by British authorities, as was a second weekly newspaper that he had started. For his invaluable contribution to the nation, Maulana Abul Kalam Azad was posthumously awarded India’s highest civilian honour, Bharat Ratna in Azad also supported Nehru’s re-election inat the consternation of many conservative Congressmen.
In this period Azad also became active in his support for the Khilafat agitation to protect the position of the Sultan of Ottoman Turkeywho was considered the Caliph or Khalifa for Muslims worldwide. Maulana Abul Kalam Azad was well versed in many languages viz.
Azad initially evoked surprise from other revolutionaries, but Azad won their praise and confidence by working secretly to organise revolutionaries activities and meetings in BengalBihar and Bombay now called Mumbai. Azad and Nehru proposed an initiative to forge an agreement with the British in Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox.
He stood for modern India with secular credentials, a cosmopolitan character and international outlook. Azad was trained and educated to become a clergyman, He wrote many works, reinterpreting the holy Lajguage.
Maulana Abul Kalam Azad : Biography, History, Facts and Achievements
September 22, Different types of Govt. His commentary on the Koran is a monumental work. The book is primarily an Urdu language book; however, there are over five hundred of couplets, mostly in Persian and Arabic languages. Non-violence and Hindu-Muslim unity were universally emphasised, while the boycott of foreign goods, langusge clothes were organised.
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Maulana Azad: Essay on Maulana Abul Kalam Azad
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Thank You for Your Contribution! Additionally, the proposal called for the “grouping” of provinces on religious lines, which would informally band together the Muslim-majority province in the West as Group B, Muslim-majority provinces of Bengal and Assam as Group C and the rest of India as Group A.
You are afraid of tremors, time was when you yourself were an earthquake. The three men founded the Jamia Millia Islamia in Delhi as an institution of higher education managed entirely by Indians without any British support or control.