As such, the difference between modern and Islamic critical thinking is not much at the operational level, but rather deeply involved in its conceptual underpinnings. However, a more comprehensive definition of critical thinking was proposed by the American Philosophical Association. This specific definition stresses the meta-cognitive thinking about your own thinking aspect of critical thinking, the universal intellectual standards e. Maktabah al-Anglo al-Masriyyah, pp. International Islamic University Malaysia, p. These foundational elements could be categorized as follow:

It is obvious from the above presentation that both forms of ayat have their own territory, each of which could be perceived in different levels. Jones , Foundations of Critical Thinking, Orlando: Be the first to review this item Amazon Best Sellers Rank: Definitions of critical thinking are usually made in terms of formal or informal logic or, as in recent development, of general problem-solving skill. Amazon Advertising Find, attract, and engage customers.

critical thinking zechmeister

This is because such elements would negatively influence and become obstacles to the objective thinking and fair critifal. In this respect, as for the development of the modern Muslim intellectual, critical thinking is also essential particularly with regards to the intellectual challenges faced by the Muslim. This explicitly explain the key function of human mind in making sense the realities of human and social well being based on crotical in the light of thjnking guidance.

Today, logic has become merely one of many specialized disciplines which are still considered by many contemporary educators as the primary medium for learning the skills and attitudes of critical thinking. Conclusion This paper examines the subject of critical thinking from the Islamic perspective and explores its nature and framework by suggesting the distinguished elements of Islamic critical thinking.

  IS228 HOMEWORK 604

Catalog Record: Critical thinking : a functional approach | Hathi Trust Digital Library

Forty-six experts, drawn from various disciplines, participated in the multiyear qualitative research project. Learn more about Amazon Prime. Sell on Amazon Start a Selling Account. Educators have shown a great interest in teaching critical thinking at all levels in which most of the concept of thinking is referring to the Western perspective. Alan BensleyCritical Thinking in Psychology: The spirit of Muslim experimentation was inspired rather by the certainty of God as the Absolute and as the source of all great truths.

At the same time, these definitions also share similar elements of thought which implicitly entail the examination of all reasoning process and lead to its conclusions.

Ibn ManzurLisan al-Arab, Beirut: The report resulting from this investigation is commonly known in the critical thinking literature as the Delphi Report. HalpernThought and Knowledge: The first is focusing on the conceptual meaning of the term which deals with the theoretical and epistemological discourse from the nature of knowledge. On the other hand, the aim of critical thinking is to reach to a reasonable decision about what to zecchmeister or to do.

critical thinking zechmeister

It is also evident that both disciplines have different approaches and methodologies; the cognitive and developmental psychology is based on empirical research while philosophy relies more on logical reasoning. Skip to main content. Al-Ghazzali, in his intellectual and spiritual quest for certainty, has provided a clear guideline on the way of thinking with regard to the sources of knowledge.


Critical Thinking : A Functional Approach

Literally it means a deliberate, systematic process of reflective 46 See: Other educators, however, have sought to de-emphasize formal logic and, instead, develop critical thinking skills through courses in problem solving. Amazon Renewed Refurbished products with a warranty. Also see, Alec Fisherop. KurfissCritical Thinking: Association zecjmeister the Study of Higher Education, p.

Dar al- Fikr, p.


Ginn and Co, pp. Norris and Robert H. It also considers this attitude as neglecting the role of mind and being influenced by the evil desires.

This is what we understood by tafakkur. I’d like to read this book on Kindle Don’t have a Kindle? Lawrence Erlbaum Associates Eugene B.

Catalog Record: Critical thinking : a functional approach | Hathi Trust Digital Library

They are supposed to continuously drive themselves to exercise the positive critical thinking and to re-examine their personal, workplace and political lives in order to survive successfully.

Definitions of critical thinking are usually made in terms of formal or informal logic or, as in recent development, of general problem-solving skill.

Al-Tafakkur The term tafakkur has been interpreted by a majority of the mufassirin as reflection and contemplation.