The History of an International Economy. Instead, staple theory underlies the importance of human agency in the development process through the supply side, given the demand for staples and related products. Of the various extensions and amendments to the staple theory, of particular importance has been the explicit introduction of linkages into analytical framework although Mackintosh himself highlighted in the s what has come to be referred to as linkages. An Introduction to Canadian Economic History. For instance, the staple commodity in Atlantic Canada was cod.
You are commenting using your Google account. An Introduction to Canadian Economic History. Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia. In Central Canada , the main staple was fur, and the fur trade dominated the economy for many years. Canada remained British in spite of free trade and chiefly because she continued as an exporter of staples to a progressively industrialized mother country. Canada, the United States , Australia, and New Zealand are nations where staples appear to have played a positive role in fostering economic development.
Moreover, proof of the analytical value of the staple theory is unrelated to the successful staple-related development. Easterbrook and Melvin H. The Economy of British North America. The effects of the tragedy of the replacement of commercialism thessi capitalism call for a long period of expensive readjustment and restoration. Enter your email address to subscribe to this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email.
Innis’s staple theory narrative, fleshed out in the s and s, is deeply imbedded in a detailed discourse of Canadian economic history, wherein Canadian economic evolution and development is explained through highly detailed historical analyses of the development of key commodities such as cod, furs, timber, and the transportation infrastructure which allowed for and facilitated the export of such products.
On the whole, important as harolc movement in western Canada must become for the future development of the thhesis, the dominance of eastern Canada over western Canada seems likely to persist.
Douglass North pays particular heed to demand linkages with respect to what he refers to as residentiary industries in the secondary or tertiary sectors of the economy, which develop to meet the needs of the local staple-producing population. Instead, staple theory underlies the importance of human agency in the development process thesiss the supply side, given the demand for staples and related products.
Similarities Between the Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries. The peripheryor hinterland, is dominated by the core, or heartland. The history of Canada has been profoundly influenced by the habits of an animal which very fittingly occupies a prominent place on her coat of arms. Learn more about citation styles Citation styles Encyclopedia.
Mackintosh acknowledges the influence of the work of U. Another critical attribute of Innis’s staple theory is that a region endowed with staples does not depend for its economic development upon the demand side alone—that is, upon the existence of ever-growing markets for its staple products. For example, staple exports are said to have no differential effect on the rate of technological change, unit production costs in other industries related to economies of scaleor in attracting higher-productivity industries to the country.
Wheat farming was a very independent venture, which led to a history of distrust of government and corporations in that part of the country. You are commenting using your WordPress.
Rather, given the demand for its staple products, the ability of a region to engage in staple exports depends upon its capacity to reduce the unit costs of its staples.
Historians continue to use elements of the Innis Core-periphery model, applying it for example to British Columbia. Hutton, “The Innisian core-periphery revisited: However, success requires that important supply-side decisions are made within staple economies such that linkages at every level are maximized, a point made some time ago by Innis, Mackintosh, and North.
These travels to university centers in the old world and to the Canadian frontier highlighted the discrepancy Innis perceived between a political economy based on European experience and the distinctive requirements of an economic history of new countries.
Jnnis remained British in spite of free trade and chiefly because she continued as an exporter of staples to a progressively industrialized mother country. The staple theory has been used in efforts to explain the path and pattern of economic evolution of, for example, pre- and post confederation Canada, colonial and postcolonial United StatesAustralia, New Zealandand Argentina.
Mel Watkins revived the theory during the s and s through his work on resource capitalism and Canadian political economy. Search The Canadian Encyclopedia. The staple theory is now closely linked to export-led theories of economic growth wherein exports determine the growth process irrespective of whether these exports are raw materials or manufactured goods or services.
Harold Innis: From Staples Thesis to Communication Studies | McLuhan Galaxy
The political economy of Canada: They argued that the evidence suggests that it would have made little difference to Canada’s economic performance had it been completely unable to produce wheat. Now inserting my own comments: Staple exports drove the development process by spurring investments and consumption in other domains, outside of the staple sectors.
Mackintosh —who argued that explaining a nation’s economic evolution requires incorporating economic and geographical factors into one’s analysis, going beyond a narrative which relies largely upon individuals and politics as the main or only causal variables. The addition saples technical equipment.
A History of the Canadian Pacific Railway. It is not too much to say that European civilization left its impress on North America through its demand for staple hsrold.