Artistic and literary freedom died with the rise of Stalin. After telling everything about the Marxist literature, Edmund Wilson says that Marxism still remains as a great force in this world. But Lenin who occupied a central role in the Russian Revolution of , believed in such specialization. Granville Hicks is a famous Marxist thinker who formulated some rules for an ideal Marxist work. A work of art is not a simple expression of a social or moral message; it is a complex vision of life and this complexity has to be appreciated before one can arrive at its real meaning. There are various reasons for this. So the periods of sudden and violent changes never help the writer for his literary creation.
This disillusionment is reflected in this essay. Marx and Angels do not have a tendency to specialize art as a weapon of change. Unknown 18 March at According to him the structural organizations of society evolves from the methods of production in the society and from these structural forms evolve higher activities such as politics, law, religion, philosophy, literature and art. Marxist thinkers believe that revolutionary and pre-Revolutionary periods are the most suitable time for the literary work. So the works created in different countries have no elements of Marxism. Taine was a master in this.
These terms compress the culture of the future into the narrow limits of the present. He studies the influence of Marxism on literature and traces in this essay the history of Marxist literary theory as it was carried out by Engels, Lenin, Trotsky and a number of other critics. Great works were first produced and the rules and principles were formulated later.
He tells us that Marx was well-versed in literary theories and had drunk deep at the fount of literature. Marxist thinkers, with the help of Trotsky try to find Marxist elements in the great classical eummary of other countries.
Trotsky did not encourage the idea of proletarian culture and proletarian literature.
English Literature: Marxism and Literature: Edmund Wilson
But Lenin who occupied a central role in the Russian Revolution ofbelieved in such specialization. Art degenerated into a mere instrument of state policy, a weapon of communist propaganda. With the passing of time, the Marxists wanted to face many questions about the ”carry-over value” of literature: They loved great writers like Shakespeare and Goethe.
But even Lenin was fond of poetry, fiction and theatre. Marx and Engels never considered art as a weapon of social change. Wednesday, 28 February Marxism and Literature: So the periods of sudden and violent changes never help the writer for his literary creation.
Marx and Engels They never furnished socio-economic formulas to furnish the validity of art. It is not merely a philosophical and political theory, it is a great force of social change. Lenin was an organizer and fighter. They forget the fact that great works of art were written not on the basis of any order.
Granville Hicks—the American Marxist critic. According to Hicks, the primary function of such works must be to lead the proletarian reader to recognize his role in the class struggle; the author must be able to make the reader feel amd he is participating in the struggle.
Their actual aim is to transform literature into an effective tool for protecting communist ideologies.
Edmund wilson’s essay marxism and literature summary
When this work was in progress, Wilson became disillusioned with Marxism as it was preached and practised under the dictatorship of Stalin. In great works of art is much more implied than what is explicitly stated.
Those who fail to realize this truth go wrong and are guilty of misinterpretation and misreading.
Marxists believe that a work of art written on the Marxist perspective is considered a good work and all other works are bad. Marx and Angels do not have a tendency to specialize art as a weapon of change.
The Marxists who fail to understand this complexity can not interpret the marxxism meaning of the text. A work of art essaay not a simple expression of a social or moral message; it is a complex vision of life and this complexity has to be appreciated before ailsons can arrive at its real meaning.
In works of highest order, the purpose is not a simple message but a complex vision of things which itself is not explicit but implicit. He regarded communism only a transitional phase which would ultimately lead to a universal culture. But all these critics responded artistically to art. Weapon is not the right word for this. These Marxist elements are attributed to it by Marxist thinkers for the purpose of developing their ideas or ideology.
Engels warned socialist novelists against ideologically committed literature.
Trotsky was a literary man as Lenin never was. Granville Hicks is a famous Marxist thinker who formulated some rules for an ideal Marxist work.